First thing we need is a quick explanation of what the difference between pages and posts is.
- PAGES are where we retain concrete information that we don’t want to disappear over time. Sometimes called static content.
POSTS are where we put information that is relevant to a specific topic or moment in time.
Imagine a timeline, the posts are the individual moments on the timeline while the page is the piece of paper that the timeline is on. The page never changes, while the timeline does.
To add new PAGES, follow these steps:
Go to your WordPress Dashboard.
Scroll down to Pages, hover over it and click “Add New”. A new screen will come up that will look exactly like a post screen. The functionality that is in the “page” screen is the exact same as to what is in the “post” screen.
To create a page: Title it – something like “Contact” or “About” will be just fine. Put your information into the text box (just like a post). When you are finished with your content, just hit “Publish”.
When we say sticky, we mean that a post will “stick” to the top of the news feed. With WordPress sites, articles are shown, by default, in a chronological order. The newer posts sit at the top of the list, while the older posts fall in order below according to the date published.
When you are writing about current events, this is a very useful tool, but it kind of makes it hard to have anything important stay in a place where people can always read it. Therefore, the solution is to use “sticky” posts.
In order to make a post sticky, either before or after it has been published, go to the “Publish” box and click on the option for “visibility.”
You should then see this:
All you have to do is check the box that says “Stick this post to the front page” and that post will appear at the “top” of all the other articles. Make sure to click Publish/Update or else the post won’t be sticky.
Also, make sure that you “unstick” the post once you no longer need it to be at the top of your site. (Just go through the steps above, but “uncheck” the box)
These three options are extremely important for making your site look and feel professional. The more that these are utilized, the better your site will become.
Adding “links” (or hyperlinks):
Look again at the Post Editor screen below. Here we have titled the post “Test Post”:
When you first login to the Add New Post screen, we recommend that you click this button on the menu bar:
This is the last button on the row that looks like this:
After clicking this button, it allows for a drop down of more options that will be helpful for future editing. Once you have clicked this button and expanded the menu bar, you should not have to do so again in the future.
Now, to hyperlink. Let’s say you have written a persuasive post that shows exactly how you would solve world hunger. Let’s say also that you wanted to back up your assertions with references to supporting statistics or articles. They wouldn’t and shouldn’t. But, if you wanted to be able to say, “All elephants in the world should have an ear removed because that would solve world hunger,’’ assuming that this is a legitimate claim, you would want to “cite” your source. A great way to do that is with a hyperlink that links to the original story or study.
The first thing you need to do to add such a link is, select or “click and drag” your mouse over the text that you want to have hyperlinked:
Next, click the “chain-link” on the menu bar to insert the URL from which you have chosen to support your argument:
After clicking on the chain or link button, you will then get a pop-up that looks like this:
Where the box is next to URL, that is where you put (or paste in) your link to the external source or article. For example: http://example.com/elephants-need-their-ears-removed/
If you would like to, you can click the CHECKBOX for “opening link in a new window/tab.” I suggest doing this because it makes navigation a bit easier for your visitors.
Now, just click “Add Link” and you’re done. The words that were highlighted will now look like this: (you can do this as many times as you would like in any post, too)
Adding pictures to a post
Now let’s add some pictures to make our site look even better. Clean, clear images are a great way to attract eyes to stories and to engage visitors, but make sure that they are your own images or that you have the right to use the image. .gov sites are a great place to get your images because you paid for them. Another great resource is called iclipart.com. For less than $50 a year you can subscribe to a large royalty-free image library.
On the Add New Post screen you will see below where the post title goes you will see this Add Media button:
Place your mouse where you want your image to go and click. Then, click the Add Media button.
Then, the screen below will pop-up.
From here you have the ability to upload new images and also use old images. For this example, we will go through the “upload files” option because that is what people use most frequently.
So, to do this, click the big “Select Files” button:
The following screen will appear (depending on your computer, I am using a Mac, but the process is very much the same):
From here, you can select the image you want and then click “open”.
The screen will automatically change and begin to upload your image. Once the image is uploaded, the screen will look something like this:
From here you select which images you want to put in to your article. The images with the blue checkmark are the ones that will be placed into the article. On the right, don’t forget to fill in the Title, Caption, and Description because those will help you be found in Google searches.
Note the ‘Alignment” option on the right side as well. Here you can set whether the image will appear to the left, right, or center of your text.
Once done editing and choosing your image options, click the big blue button that says “Insert into post.’’
If you selected a “center” alignment, the finished product will look something like this:
That’s it, you’re done.
Embedding Videos in your post.
This used to be a painstaking effort that has now been simplified for you. We used to have to put in special codes for videos that would then need to be edited and changed to fit within the allotted area. Now, it is as simple as copy and paste.
Embedding videos starts like this: (i.e. using YouTube)
First, go to YouTube → find the video you want to show on your website → copy the URL of the video→ paste the URL into your post where you want the video to appear → done.
Below is what the URL from a Youtube video looks like:
This is what you highlight and copy. Once copied, go to your post and paste the URL where you want the video to appear. In our example, we want it to appear at the top of the post:
Now, before you publish your work, you should always save a “draft” and then “preview” it. To be sure you have this down, let’s walk through the process one more time.
Look at the right hand side of your post editor, you should see the Publish box that looks like this:
On the far right of the “Post Editor” is the Publish box. This is what the publish box looks like up close:
The publish box is extremely important. This box allows you to save a draft, much like a word processor. You can work on it on a Monday, save it, and come back again on Thursday and pick up where you left off. Just need to click the “Save Draft” button at the top left.
There is also a “preview” option on the top right. This allows for you to see how any article you are working on will actually look on your site without having to publish it to your live site.
There is also the Status option. Select this to change a “published” article to a “draft” if you wish to take down a previously published post.
There is also the ability to make any post private and require a password for the post to be viewed, this can be set with the “Visibility” options.
Under the options for “Publishing Immediately” (clicked and expanded below) you can schedule a post to published at a later date. So for instance, let’s say you finish an article on a Sunday, but you don’t want it to come out till Wednesday. You can schedule the article to automatically post.
Once you have picked the date you want the post to go out on, click the big blue “Schedule” button and it will set it up automatically.
Lastly, if your post is ready and you want it to go out now and not later, just click the big blue “Publish” button and it will immediately be posted to your website.
If you have published something and you find there to be a mistake – no big deal.
Follow these steps to fix the content in your post:
Go to your Dashboard → hover over “Posts” → click “All Posts” this will bring up a screen that looks like this:
Find the article that you want to edit and click the title on the left hand side.
Fix the mistake in the article and then click the “Update” button and all the changes will be saved on the live site.
This is what the “Post Editor” screen looks like:
From this screen is where you will write most of the information that you would like to people to know. There is another type of screen called a “Page Editor,” but we are not going to worry about that right now.
The “Post Editor” is where you will express your opinions about current events, things that you have done, information that you find to be interesting at a specific point in time. Anything typed in here can be published and edited at will. In other words, nothing here is set in stone.
From the “Post Editor” you will be able to add text, video, images, and other forms of media such as embeds to make your information more alive. The “Post Editor” gives you the same common tools that a word processor or email does.
There are two settings for your “Post Editor” screen. The first is visual, the second is text. The visual option is WYSIWYG (what you see is what you get). This is the way that most of your formatting and inputting will be done.
But if you would like to embed a code (such as soundcloud.com music/audio link or an email capture) you will need to switch to the text tab. This screen will show you the basic coding that goes into creating your posts. Paste whatever the embed code is in here, then switch back to the visual tab. When you do so, there will be a big yellow block, that is fine. Finish writing your post and when you publish it, the yellow box will become the media that you wished to share.
Example: (Don’t worry, it is working)
Once you have logged in, the next screen you will see is the Dashboard. On the left look for the word “Posts”.
Click (or hover over) the word Posts. A sub-menu will appear with multiple options. On the sub-menu, click “Add New”.
Once you have clicked “Add New” a new screen will appear that we call the “Post Editor”. See image below for example of what you will see.
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